When sufficient information has been received, the facts are given to a panel of three Judges, or to a single Judge, for a decision. An affirmative decision means that the marriage has been declared null. A negative decision may be challenged by the Petitioner, the former spouse, or the Defender of the Bond. Marriage in the Church is not possible until an affirmative decision is rendered and, if appropriate, upheld by the Appellate Court. To offer some assurance that previous factors will not seriously jeopardize the success of a subsequent marriage, the Judges may direct that before a new marriage is celebrated, adequate counseling be undergone. In addition, the Judges may require verification of fulfillment of civil and moral obligations arising from the previous marriage.